Minor Injuries

There are plenty of minor injuries that can occur during practice or games that coaches should be able to recognize and treat. We recommend taking a sports first aid course to become better qualified to do this. Below is a table with common injuries and what to recommend your player does to treat them. Of course, you need to be able to distinguish between them to be able to give the right advice. For real advice and greater detail, sign up for a sports first aid coaching course online.

Ligaments are bands of tissue that attach a bone to another bone and stabilize joints. A sprain is an injury to one or more ligaments.
Restricted movement of affected area, sharp pain in certain directions. Can be confused with breaks and more serious injuries.
R.I.C.E. (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation)
Tearing injury to a muscle or a tendon.
May experience muscle fatigue and spasm before occurrence, severe weakness, loss of function, sharp pain and tenderness to touch.
Contusion (bruise)
Crushing injur to a muscle or tendon caused by an outside force, causing bleeding into tissue.
Painful, colorful area, swelling is common.
Loss of surface area of skin.
Visible damage to skin surface, often reddening of area.
Clean with cold water, then apply antiseptic cream to prevent infection.
Cutting of skin surface, possible damage to lower layers.
Visible damage to skin, bleeding.
Depending on size and location, clean, use antiseptic, cover with bandaid to stop bleeding.
Collection of fluid under the skin, usually caused by friction.
Localized swelling with fluid (blister!).
If open, clean similar to abrasion. If closed, should only be drained by qualified person.
Insect Bite/Sting
Skin reaction to insect attack or feeding.
Varies by insect type. Itching, localized swelling, change of skin color all common.
Varies by insect type.


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